Hierarchical Self-Assembly of Toroidal Micelles into Multidimensional Nanoporous Superstructures

Jiandong Cai, Kenneth P. Mineart, Xiaoyu Li, Richard J. Spontak*, Ian Manners, Huibin Qiu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
330 Downloads (Pure)


Materials with controlled porosity play a prominent role in industrial and domestic applications. Although a rich array of methods has been developed to tune the pore size over a broad range (from <1 nm to >1 μm), the fabrication of functional materials with a fully open porous structure with sub-100 nm pore size has remained a significant challenge. Herein, we report the hierarchical assembly of block copolymer toroidal micelles with an intrinsic cavity into multidimensional nanoporous superstructures (pore size 85-90 nm) by modulation of interparticle interactions. The toroids aggregate into oligo-supermicelles or 2D hexagonal arrays through van der Waals interactions upon drying on a substrate, while synergistic hydrogen bonding interactions further promote the formation of 3D nanoporous superstructures directly in solution. Thus, toroidal micelles can be manipulated as a type of distinctive building block to construct nanoporous materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1040-1045
Number of pages6
JournalACS Macro Letters
Issue number8
Early online date10 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2018


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