High frequency edges (but not contrast) predict where we fixate: a Bayesian system identification analysis

RJ Baddeley, BW Tatler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

131 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A Bayesian system identification technique was used to determine which image characteristics predict where people fixate when viewing natural images. More specifically an estimate was derived for the mapping between image characteristics at a given location and the probability that this location was fixated. Using a large database of eye fixations to natural images, we determined the most probable (a posteriori) model of this mapping. From a set of candidate feature maps consisting of edge, contrast and luminance maps (at two different spatial scales), fixation probability was dominated by high spatial frequency edge information. The best model applied compressive non-linearity to the high frequency edge detecting filters (approximately a square root). Both low spatial frequency edges and contrast had weaker, but inhibitory, effects. The contributions of the other maps were so small as to be behaviourally irrelevant. This Bayesian method identifies not only the relevant weighting of the different maps, but how this weighting varies as a function of distance from the point of fixation. It was found that rather than centre surround inhibition, the weightings simply averaged over an area of about 2 degrees.
Translated title of the contributionHigh frequency edges (but not contrast) predict where we fixate: a Bayesian system identification analysis
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2824 - 2833
Number of pages10
JournalVision Research
Volume46 (18)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2006

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Elsevier

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