High-Performance, Totally Flexible, Tubular Microbial Fuel Cell

Majid Taghavi, John Greenman, Lucia Beccai, Virgilio Mattoli, Barbara Mazzolai, Chris Melhuish, Ioannis Andrea Ieropoulos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


The current study addresses the development of a flexible microbial fuel cell (MFC) in a tubular configuration. Nafion tubing is employed as a one-compartment MFC and is used as the membrane and the main body of the system. We use an ultra-flexible carbon sleeve as electrode material for both the anode and cathode; the anode is placed inside the tubular membrane, and the cathode is wrapped on the outside of the membrane. We illustrate how, using both the membrane and the new electrodes, there is increase the power density of the system, which is shown to work successfully with human urine as the fuel. We also show how the covering of the outer surface, that is, the cathode, by means of a waterproof and breathable plaster strip, maintains the high output levels without the need for hydration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1994-1999
Number of pages6
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2014


  • Carbon
  • Carbon sleeve electrodes
  • Flexible microbial fuel cells
  • Tubular membranes
  • Urine


Dive into the research topics of 'High-Performance, Totally Flexible, Tubular Microbial Fuel Cell'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this