Higher body mass index raises immature platelet count: potential contribution to obesity-related thrombosis

Lucy J Goudswaard, Laura J Corbin, Kate L Burley, Andrew D Mumford, Parsa Akbari, Nicole Soranzo, Adam Butterworth, Nicholas A Watkins, Dimitri J Pournaras, Jessica M Harris, Nicholas John Timpson, Ingeborg Hers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

A higher body mass index (BMI) is a recognised risk factor for thrombosis. Platelets are essential for haemostasis but also contribute to thrombosis when activated pathologically. We hypothesised that an increase in BMI may lead to changes in platelet characteristics, thereby contributing to increased thrombotic risk.

The effect of BMI on platelet traits measured by Sysmex XN-1000 was explored in 33388 UK blood donors from the INTERVAL study. Linear regression was used for observational analyses between BMI and platelet characteristics. Mendelian randomization (MR) was used to estimate a causal effect with BMI proxied by a genetic risk score. Follow-up analysis explored the relevance of platelet characteristics on whole blood platelet aggregation in a pre-operative cardiac cohort (COPTIC) using linear regression.

Observationally, higher BMI was positively associated with greater plateletcrit (PCT), platelet count (PLT), immature platelet count (IPC) and side fluorescence (SFL, a measure of mRNA content used to derive IPC). MR provided causal estimates for a positive effect of BMI on both SFL and IPC (IPC 0.06 SDs higher per SD higher BMI, 95% CI 0.006 to 0.12, P=0.03), but there was no strong evidence for a causal effect of BMI on PCT or PLT. The COPTIC study provided observational evidence for a positive association between IPC and whole blood platelet aggregation induced by adrenaline, TRAP-6 and ADP.

Our results indicate that higher BMI raises the number of immature platelets, which is associated with greater whole blood platelet aggregation. Higher IPC could therefore contribute to obesity-related thrombosis.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPlatelets
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 21 Oct 2021

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