Higher education timescapes: temporal understandings of students and learning

Rachel Brooks, Jessie Abrahams, Achala Gupta, Sazana Jayadeva, Predrag Lažetić

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
99 Downloads (Pure)


This article draws on data from six European countries (Denmark, England, Germany, Ireland, Poland and Spain) to explore the higher education timescapes inhabited by students. Despite arguments that degree-level study has become increasingly similar across Europe – because of global pressures and also specific initiatives such as the Bologna Process and the creation of a European Higher Education Area – it shows how such timescapes differed in important ways, largely by nation. These differences are then explained in terms of: the distinctive traditions of higher education still evident across the continent; the particular mechanisms through which degrees are funded; and the nature of recent national-level policy activity. The analysis thus speaks to debates about Europeanisation, as well as how we theorise the relationship between time and place.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)995-1014
Number of pages20
Issue number5
Early online date24 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship and/or publication of this article: the research upon which this article is based was funded by the European Research Council, through a Consolidator Grant awarded to Rachel Brooks (reference: 681018_EUROSTUDENTS).

Funding Information:
We would like to thank all those who gave up their time to participate in a focus group or interview, and the European Research Council for funding the research upon which this article is based. We are also grateful to Anu Lainio for helpful comments on a previous version of the article.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2021.


  • higher education
  • time
  • place
  • students
  • Europe
  • policy


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