Higher education timescapes: temporal understandings of students and learning

Rachel Brooks, Jessie Abrahams, Achala Gupta, Sazana Jayadeva, Predrag Lažetić

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review


This article draws on data from six European countries (Denmark, England, Germany, Ireland, Poland and Spain) to explore the higher education timescapes inhabited by students. Despite arguments that degree-level study has become increasingly similar across Europe – because of global pressures and also specific initiatives such as the Bologna Process and the creation of a European Higher Education Area – it shows how such timescapes differed in important ways, largely by nation. These differences are then explained in terms of: the distinctive traditions of higher education still evident across the continent; the particular mechanisms through which degrees are funded; and the nature of recent national-level policy activity. The analysis thus speaks to debates about Europeanisation, as well as how we theorise the relationship between time and place.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 19 Jan 2021


  • higher education
  • time
  • place
  • students
  • Europe
  • policy

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