Iron is the most abundant redox active metal on Earth and thus provides one of the most important records of the redox state of Earth's ancient atmosphere, oceans and landmasses over geological time. The most dramatic shifts in the Earth's iron cycle occurred during the oxidation of Earth's atmosphere. However, tracking the spatial and temporal development of the iron cycle is complicated by uncertainties about both the timing and location of the evolution of oxygenic photosynthesis, and by the myriad of microbial processes that act to cycle iron between redox states. In this review, we piece together the geological evidence to assess where and when oxygenic photosynthesis likely evolved, and attempt to evaluate the influence of this innovation on the microbial iron cycle.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Free Radical Biology and Medicine|
|Early online date||16 Jul 2019|
|Publication status||Published - 20 Aug 2019|
- Early Earth
- Iron biogeochemistry
- Iron cycling