Use the PICO framework to formulate a specific clinical question.Formulate a search strategy.Prospectively register the review protocol.Execute the literature search.Apply eligibility criteria to exclude irrelevant studies.Extract data and appraise each study for risk of bias and external validity.Provide a narrative review.If appropriate data are available, perform a meta-analysis.Report the review findings in the context of the risk of bias assessment, any sensitivity analyses and the analysis of risk of publication bias.Useful resources include the Cochrane Handbook, PROSPERO, GRADE and PRISMA. Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2019;4:213-220. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.4.180049.
- Centre for Surgical Research
- Systematic review