How well do we recognise non-motor symptoms in a British Parkinson's disease population?

Michele Hu*, Jonathan Cooper, Rebecca Beamish, Emma Jones, Richard Butterworth, Lesley Catterall, Yoav Ben-Shlomo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although awareness of non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) has recently increased, little is known about their recognition and treatment in routine clinical practice. We therefore applied non-motor rating scales for dementia, depression, anxiety and excessive daytime sleepiness to a community-ascertained cohort of 202 PD patients. Hospital case notes were reviewed for evidence that the non-motor problems had been recognized and whether any action had been taken to ameliorate or assess these symptoms. The prevalence of each non-motor problem was as follows: dementia 25.3% (95% CI 19.0, 32.4), depression 37.3% (95% CI 30.6, 44.4), anxiety 31.3% (95% CI 25.0, 38.2), excessive daytime sleepiness 59.4% (95% CI 52.2, 66.3). However, these features were only recognised in 27.2, 38.7, 9.5, and 12.8%, respectively. We did not identify any specific factor that predicted under-recognition. Our study shows that when rating scales are applied to formally assess for non-motor symptoms a large clinical 'iceberg effect' emerges with the majority of symptoms going unrecognised and untreated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1513-1517
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Neurology
Volume258
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • SCALE
  • DEMENTIA
  • IMPACT
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Recognition
  • DEPRESSION
  • Non-motor symptoms
  • DIAGNOSIS
  • PREVALENCE
  • QUESTIONNAIRE
  • SLEEP

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