Hybrid simulation compared to manikin alone in teaching pelvic examinations: a randomised control trial

Kristyn Manley, Sian E Edwards, Jane E Mears, Dimitrios Siassakos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

292 Downloads (Pure)


Introduction Performing a pelvic examination is a core skill for all medical undergraduates. The use of hybrid simulation, manikin with patient actress, to attain technical and communication skills competencies and to improve the quality of care we offer women, has not been compared to other teaching methods before. Outcome measures were technical skills, communication skills and confidence in completing a pelvic examination.

Methods A cluster randomised control trial was conducted over an academic year. Forty-eight medical students who completed an 8-week obstetrics and gynaecology attachment were recruited. Clusters were randomly assigned for initial training on hybrid or manikin only models and attended an end of attachment Objective Structured Clinical Assessment.

Results Outcome data were received for 43/48 students (89.5%). Following the objectively structured clinical examination, the hybrid trained cohort had
higher technical scores (mean 23 (95% CI 20.1 to 25.8) vs 16.7 (CI 14.7 to 18.6); mean difference 6.3, CI 3.0 to 9.6) and communication skills scores (mean 22.6 (CI 21.2 to 23.8) vs 15.9 (CI 14.4 to 17.3); mean difference 6.7, CI 4.8 to 8.5) compared to the manikin only trained participants. Confidence in undertaking future pelvic examinations were similar in the control and intervention groups; (p=0.10, r=0.18).

Conclusions This study demonstrates the value of hybrid simulation compared to manikins alone in improving the short-term acquisition of competence in
simulated pelvic examinations at an undergraduate level. Future research should focus on whether hybrid models lead to long-term acquisition of skill and comparison of these models with other innovative methods such as clinical teaching associates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-10
Number of pages5
JournalBMJ Simulation and Technology Enhanced Learning
Issue number1
Early online date1 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Hybrid simulation compared to manikin alone in teaching pelvic examinations: a randomised control trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this