Hydrographic variations in deep ocean temperature over the mid-Pleistocene transition

Stephanie L Bates, Mark Siddall, Claire Waelbroeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During the mid-Pleistocene transition the dominant 41 ka periodicity of glacial cycles transitioned to a quasi-100 ka periodicity for reasons not yet known. This study investigates the potential role of deep ocean hydrography by examining oxygen isotope ratios in benthic foraminifera. Oxygen isotope records from the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean basins are separated into their ice volume and local temperature/hydrography components using a piece-wise linear transfer function and a temperature calibration. Although our method has certain limitations, the deep ocean hydrography reconstructions show that glacial deep ocean temperatures approached freezing point as the mid-Pleistocene transition progressed. Further analysis suggests that water mass reorganisation could have been responsible for these temperature changes, leading to such stable conditions in the deep ocean that some obliquity cycles were skipped until precessional forcing triggered deglaciation, creating the apparent quasi-100 ka pattern. This study supports previous work that suggests multiples of obliquity cycles dominate the quasi-100 ka glacial cycles with precession components driving deglaciations. (c) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-158
Number of pages12
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
Volume88
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2014

Keywords

  • Mid-Pleistocene transition
  • Benthic oxygen isotopes
  • Sea level
  • Deep ocean temperature
  • Ocean circulation
  • ANTARCTIC ICE-SHEET
  • PLEISTOCENE CLIMATE TRANSITIONS
  • FORAMINIFERAL MG/CA-PALEOTHERMOMETRY
  • 100,000-YEAR GLACIAL CYCLES
  • BENTHIC DELTA-O-18 RECORDS
  • OXYGEN-ISOTOPE ANALYSES
  • PLIOCENE WARM PERIOD
  • SOUTHERN-OCEAN
  • SEA-LEVEL
  • NORTH-ATLANTIC

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