Identification of painted rock-shelter sites using GIS integrated with a decision support system and fuzzy logic

Ruman Banerjee, Prashant K. Srivastava*, A. W.G. Pike, George P. Petropoulos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
245 Downloads (Pure)


The conservation and protection of painted rock shelters is an important issue. Throughout the world, if unprotected, they are vulnerable to vandalism or to industrial activities such as quarrying. This research explores the integrated use of a Geographic Information System (GIS) with a multi-criteria decision support system and fuzzy logic to identify possible rock art sites over the Vindhyan Plateau in the district of Mirzapur, Central India. The methodology proposed compares results obtained by spatial modelling with validation data derived from recent exhaustive field surveys of more than forty newly discovered rock-shelters in the Vindhyan region. The zones obtained by predictive modelling are in agreement with validation datasets and show that the method can be used for new site prospection. This method represents a potential tool for landscape planners and policy makers to employ when seeking protection from anthropogenic activities of potential areas of painted rock-shelter sites and archaeological deposits.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberijgi7080326
Number of pages20
JournalISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
Issue number8
Early online date6 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018


  • Archaeology
  • Central India
  • Fuzzy logic
  • GIS
  • Predictivemodelling
  • Rock art
  • Site characterisation

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