Identifying Individual, Cultural and Asthma-Related Risk and Protective Factors Associated With Resilient Asthma Outcomes in Urban Children and Families

Daphne Koinis-Mitchell*, Elizabeth L. McQuaid, Barbara Jandasek, Sheryl J. Kopel, Ronald Seifer, Robert B. Klein, Christina Potter, Gregory K. Fritz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective The goal of this study is to identify individual, family/cultural, and illness-related protective factors that may minimize asthma morbidity in the context of multiple urban risks in a sample of inner-city children and families. Methods Participating families are from African-American (33), Latino (51) and non-Latino white (47) backgrounds. A total of 131 children with asthma (56% male), ages 6-13 years and their primary caregivers were included. Results Analyses supported the relationship between cumulative risks and asthma morbidity across children of the sample. Protective processes functioned differently by ethnic group. For example, Latino families exhibited higher levels of family connectedness, and this was associated with lower levels of functional limitation due to asthma, in the context of risks. Conclusions This study demonstrates the utility of examining multilevel protective processes that may guard against urban risks factors to decrease morbidity. Intervention programs for families from specific ethnic groups can be tailored to consider individual, family-based/cultural and illness-related supports that decrease stress and enhance aspects of asthma treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)424-437
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Pediatric Psychology
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

Structured keywords

  • Brain and Behaviour
  • Nutrition and Behaviour

Keywords

  • asthma outcomes
  • cultural factors
  • inner city
  • pediatric asthma
  • protective factors
  • PEDIATRIC ASTHMA
  • MANAGEMENT-SYSTEM
  • AMERICAN CHILDREN
  • CHILDHOOD ASTHMA
  • AFRICAN-AMERICAN
  • LATINO CHILDREN
  • SELF-EFFICACY
  • MORBIDITY
  • RELIABILITY
  • DISPARITIES

Cite this