Identifying Multiple Optima in Aerodynamic Design Spaces

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Abstract

Parallel niching optimization algorithms are developed and applied to a multimodal aerodynamic optimization case to identify multiple optima in the design space. Previous work by the authors has presented niching optimization algorithms that use differential evolution with feasible selection as a basis that can identify multiple optima in constrained search spaces, which is necessary for aerodynamic optimization. In this paper, these algorithms are further developed for application to aerodynamic optimization by reformulating each to provide a parallel decomposition of the objective function evaluation at each iteration of the optimization process. These algorithms are tested on an analytical optimization problem. The parallel, constrained form of both local nearest-neighbourhood and local crowding are shown to be the best performing algorithms with a 99% condence level. A variation on the AIAA ADODG case 6 multimodal wing optimization case is also studied. A multi-start gradient-based approach is used to show multimodality of the design space. The local nearest-neighbourhood-based algorithm is then applied to the aerodynamic optimization case and is able to successfully identify two minima in the design space, with one being close to the global minimum and one in a different part of the design space, which is a local minimum.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA)
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9781624105500
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2018

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