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“If You've Got Friends and Neighbours”: Constituency Voting Patterns for the UK Labour Party Leader in 2010

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-77
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties
Issue number1
Early online date20 Nov 2015
DateE-pub ahead of print - 20 Nov 2015
DatePublished (current) - 2 Jan 2016


Most attention in British electoral studies has been paid to the pattern of voting for parties, with relatively little to that for individual candidates. In intra-party elections, however, candidates may perform better in some areas than others, illustrating V. O. Key's well-known “friends and neighbours” effect. This paper explores whether that was so at the election for the leader of the UK Labour party in 2010, expecting each of the five candidates to perform better in their own constituency and its environs and also with those constituency parties whose MPs supported their candidature. The results are in line with the expectations, especially for one of the candidates who ran an explicitly geographical campaign.

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