Immigrating into a Recession: Evidence from Family Migrants to the U.S.

Toman Barsbai, Andreas Steinmayr, Christoph Winter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review


We analyze the impact of economic conditions at arrival on the economic integration of family-sponsored migrants in the U.S. A one pp higher unemployment rate at arrival decreases annual wage income by four percent in the short run and two percent in the longer run. The loss in wage income results primarily from lower hourly wages due to occupational downgrading. Migrant and family networks help mitigating the negative labor market effects. Migrants who arrive during a recession take up occupations with higher concentrations of fellow countrypeople and are more likely to reside with family members, potentially reducing their geographical mobility.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Labor Economics
Early online date15 Feb 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Feb 2024


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