Impact of body mass index on outcomes following mitral surgery: Does an obesity paradox exist?

Filippo Rapetto*, Vito D. Bruno, Matthew King, Umberto Benedetto, Massimo Caputo, Gianni D. Angelini, Raimondo Ascione, Franco Ciulli, Hunaid A. Vohra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

3 Citations (Scopus)
153 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to clarify the relationship between body mass index and mitral valve (MV) surgery and to determine whether an 'obesity paradox' exists in the context of surgery for degenerative MV disease. METHODS: In this retrospective single-centre study, we analysed data from 715 patients who underwent mitral surgery for degenerative disease from 2000 to 2015. Patients were classified according to body mass index: underweight (<20 kg/m2), normal weight (2024.99 kg/ m2), overweight (2529.99 kg/m2) and obese (>-30 kg/m2). Early and long-term results were investigated. Multivariable analysis was conducted to identify risk factors for long-term mortality. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 67 ± 44 months (range 0190 months). There were no differences between groups regarding 30-day mortality (P = 0.35), stroke (P = 0.45), reoperation for bleeding (P = 0.9) and length of hospital stay (P = 0.31). Obese patients were at increased risk of acute kidney injury when compared with normal weight patients (17% vs 5%; P = 0.03) but not when compared with the other groups; this was confirmed within the subgroup with depressed ejection fraction (42% vs 10%, P = 0.02). No differences in long-term survival were found across groups for all patients (P = 0.62) and for patients with depressed ejection fraction (P = 0.6), with a trend towards worse survival in obese patients undergoing MV repair (P = 0.06). Survival in obese patients undergoing repair was significantly worse than that in obese patients undergoing replacement (P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: An 'obesity paradox' was not demonstrated after surgery for degenerative MV disease. Obese patients are more prone to acute kidney injury and have worse late survival after MV repair.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)590-595
Number of pages6
JournalInteractive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Volume26
Issue number4
Early online date8 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Structured keywords

  • Centre for Surgical Research

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Degenerative mitral disease
  • Mitral surgery
  • Obesity paradox

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    NIHR BRC Cardiovascular

    Angelini, G. D.

    1/04/1731/03/22

    Project: Research, Parent

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