Impact on life expectancy of late diagnosis and treatment of HIV-1 infected individuals: UK CHIC

M May, M. Gompels, C. Sabin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

Abstract

Purpose of the study: Life expectancy (LE) is an important health indicator that informs decisions both by individuals and public policymakers. The pattern of the HIV epidemic and LE varies by country. Previous estimates of LE in HIV-infected populations have included few UK patients1. We assess time trends, sex-differences and the impact of delayed treatment on LE in treated HIV patients in the UK and compare with the LE of the UK population. Methods: We analysed data from the UKCHIC cohort study on patients aged over 20 years who started cART in 1996-2008 with CD4≤350cells/mm2 (excluding injection drug users). All-cause mortality was ascertained from clinic records and by linkage to the death registry. Abridged life tables were constructed from age-specific mortality rates (5yr age bands) to estimate LE for ages 20-65 yrs. Results are presented as LE at exact age 20, the average additional years that will be lived by a person after age 20, according to the cross-sectional age-specific mortality rates during the study period. We estimated LE overall and by period (1996-99, 2000-02, 2003-05, 2006-08). We compared LE in those treated for HIV with the UK population stratified by sex. To assess the impact of late treatment, we estimated LE stratified by CD4 cell count at start of cART in those treated post 2000 who were ART-naive. Results: 1248/17661 eligible patients died during 91203 pyrs fup. 75% of patients were male, 58% white. Transmission risk group was 54% MSM, 37% heterosexual and 9% unknown. At start of cART, median age (IQR) was 37(32-43) yrs, median CD4 cell count 166 (75-241) and the proportion with no ART exposure prior to cART increased from 54% in 1996-99 to 96% in 2006-08. LE (standard errors) at exact age 20 yrs increased from 30.0 (1.2) to 45.8 (1.7) yrs from 1996-99 to 2006-08. Over the study period LE for male patients was 39.5 (0.45) and for female 50.2 (0.45) yrs compared with 57.8 and 61.6 for men and women in the UK population (1996-2006). LE was 37.9 (1.3), 41.0 (2.2) and 53.4 (1.2) yrs in those starting cART with CD4
Translated title of the contributionImpact on life expectancy of late diagnosis and treatment of HIV-1 infected individuals: UK CHIC
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTenth International Congress on Drug Therapy in HIV Infection Glasgow, UK
Volume13(Suppl 4) O27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

Bibliographical note

Conference Proceedings/Title of Journal: Journal of the International AIDS Society

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