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Improved FTIR retrieval strategy for HCFC-22 (CHClF2), comparisons with in situ and satellite datasets with the support of models, and determination of its long-Term trend above Jungfraujoch

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12309-12324
Number of pages16
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
DateAccepted/In press - 3 Sep 2019
DatePublished (current) - 2 Oct 2019


Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) are the first, but temporary, substitution products for the strong ozonedepleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). HCFC consumption and production are currently regulated under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer and their emissions have started to stabilize or even decrease. As HCFC-22 (CHClF2) is by far the most abundant HCFC in today's atmosphere, it is crucial to continue to monitor the evolution of its atmospheric concentration. In this study, we describe an improved HCFC-22 retrieval strategy from groundbased high-resolution Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) solar spectra recorded at the high-Altitude scientific station of Jungfraujoch, the Swiss Alps, 3580ma.m.s.l. (above mean sea level). This new strategy distinguishes tropospheric and lower-stratospheric partial columns. Comparisons with independent datasets, such as the Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE) and the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS), supported by models, such as the Belgian Assimilation System for Chemical ObErvation (BASCOE) and the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM), demonstrate the validity of our tropospheric and lower-stratospheric longterm time series. A trend analysis on the datasets used here, now spanning 30 years, confirms the last decade's decline in the HCFC-22 growth rate. This updated retrieval strategy can be adapted for other ozone-depleting substances (ODSs), such as CFC-12. Measuring or retrieving ODS atmospheric concentrations is essential for scrutinizing the fulfilment of the globally ratified Montreal Protocol.

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