Incidence of obesity during childhood and adolescence in a large

AR Hughes, A Sherriff, D Lawlor, A Ness, JJ Reilly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Timing of obesity development during childhood and adolescence is unclear, hindering preventive strategies. The primary aim of the present study was to quantify the incidence of overweight and obesity throughout childhood and adolescence in a large contemporary cohort of English children (the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, ALSPAC; children born 1991-1992). A secondary aim was to examine the persistence of overweight and obesity. METHODS: Longitudinal data on weight and height were collected annually from age 7-15years in the entire ALSPAC cohort (n=4283), and from 3 to 15years in a randomly selected subsample of the cohort (n=549; 'Children in Focus' CiF). Incidence of overweight and obesity (BMI (Body mass index) at or above the 85th and 95th centiles relative to UK reference data) was calculated. Risk ratios (RR) for overweight and obesity at 15years based on weight status at 3, 7, and 11years were also calculated. RESULTS: In the entire cohort, four-year incidence of obesity was higher between ages 7 and 11years than between 11 and 15years (5.0% vs 1.4% respectively). In the CiF sub-sample, four-year incidence of obesity was also highest during mid-childhood (age 7-11years, 6.7%), slightly lower during early childhood (3-7years, 5.1%) and lowest during adolescence (11-15years 1.6%). Overweight and obesity at all ages had a strong tendency to persist to age 15years as indicated by risk ratios (95% CI (Confidence interval)) for overweight and obesity at 15years from overweight and obesity (relative to healthy weight status) at 3years (2.4, 1.8-3.1), 7years (4.6, 3.6-5.8), and 11years (9.3, 6.5-13.2). CONCLUSION: Mid-late childhood (around age 7-11years) may merit greater attention in future obesity prevention interventions
Translated title of the contributionIncidence of obesity during childhood and adolescence in a large
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-304
Number of pages5
JournalPreventitive Medicine
Volume52
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2011

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