Increased Inspired Oxygen in the First Hours of Life is Associated with Adverse Outcome in Newborns Treated for Perinatal Asphyxia with Therapeutic Hypothermia

H Sabir, SL Jary, JR Tooley, X Liu, M Thoresen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract


OBJECTIVE: To assess whether increased inspired oxygen and/or hypocarbia during the first 6 hours of life are associated with adverse outcome at 18 months in term neonates treated with therapeutic hypothermia.

STUDY DESIGN: Blood gas values and ventilatory settings were monitored hourly in 61 newborns for 6 hours after birth. We investigated if there was an association between increased inspired oxygen and/or hypocarbia and adverse outcome (death or disability by Bayley Scales of Newborn Development II examination at 18-20 months).

RESULTS: Hypothermia was started from 3 hours 45 minutes (10 minutes-10 hours) and median lowest Pco(2) level within the first 6 hours of life was 30 mm Hg (16.5-96 mm Hg). The median highest fraction of inspiratory oxygen within the first hour of life was 0.43 (0.21-1.00). The area under the curve fraction of inspiratory oxygen and Pao(2) for hours 1-6 of life was 0.23 (0.21-1.0) and 86 mm Hg (22-197 mm Hg), respectively. We did not find any association between any measures of hypocapnia and adverse outcome (P > .05), but increased inspired oxygen correlated with adverse outcome, even when excluding newborns with initial oxygenation failure (P < .05).

CONCLUSION: Increased fraction of inspired oxygen within the first 6 hours of life was significantly associated with adverse outcome in newborns treated with therapeutic hypothermia following hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.

Translated title of the contributionHyperoxia and Hypocarbia in the First Hours of Life and Their Association with Outcome in Infants Treated with Therapeutic Hypothermia after Perinatal Asphyxia
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-416
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume161
Issue number3
Early online date18 Apr 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

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