Increased orthogeriatrician involvement in hip fracture care and its impact on mortality in England

Jenny Neuburger, Colin Currie, Robert Wakeman, Antony Johansen, Carmen Tsang, Fay Plant, Helen Wilson, David A. Cromwell, Jan van der Meulen, Bianca De Stavola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

Objectives: to describe the increase in orthogeriatrician involvement in hip fracture care in England and its association with improvements in time to surgery and mortality., Study design: analysis of Hospital Episode Statistics for 196,401 patients presenting with hip fracture to 150 hospitals in England between 1 April 2010 and 28 February 2014, combined with data on orthogeriatrician hours from a national organisational survey., Methods: we examined changes in the average number of hours worked by orthogeriatricians in orthopaedic departments per patient with hip fracture, and their potential effect on mortality within 30 days of presentation. The role of prompt surgery (on day of or day after presentation) was explored as a potential confounding factor. Associations were assessed using conditional Poisson regression models with adjustment for patients' sex, age and comorbidity and year, with hospitals treated as fixed effects., Results: between 2010 and 2013, there was an increase of 2.5 hours per patient in the median number of hours worked by orthogeriatricians-from 1.5 to 4.0 hours. An increase of 2.5 hours per patient was associated with a relative reduction in mortality of 3.4% (95% confidence interval 0.9% to 5.9%, P = 0.01). This corresponds to an absolute reduction of approximately 0.3%. Higher numbers of orthogeriatrician hours were associated with higher rates of prompt surgery, but were independently associated with lower mortality., Conclusion: in the context of initiatives to improve hip fracture care, we identified statistically significant and robust associations between increased orthogeriatrician hours per patient and reduced 30-day mortality.Copyright © Crown copyright 2016
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-192
Number of pages7
JournalAge and Ageing
Volume46
Issue number2
Early online date2 Dec 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Age Factors Aged Aged, 80 and over England/ep [Epidemiology] Female Fracture Fixation/ae [Adverse Effects] *Fracture Fixation/mo [Mortality] *Fracture Fixation/td [Trends] *Geriatricians/td [Trends] Hip Fractures/di [Diagnosis] *Hip Fractures/mo [Mortality] *Hip Fractures/su [Surgery] Humans Male Middle Aged *Orthopedic Surgeons/td [Trends] Patient Care Team/td [Trends] Personnel Staffing and Scheduling/td [Trends] *Practice Patterns, Physicians'/td [Trends] Quality Improvement/td [Trends] Quality Indicators, Health Care/td [Trends] Risk Assessment Risk Factors Time Factors Time-to-Treatment/td [Trends] Treatment Outcome

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