A series of Late Devonian to Early Mississippian type II kerogens with vitrinite reflectance values Ro 0.29–2.41% were analyzed using py-GC–MS. In addition, a low maturity kerogen with Ro 0.44% was separated into fractions via density gradient centrifugation, followed by py-GC–MS of the alginite and amorphinite maceral concentrates. Alkylbenzenes and n-alk-1-ene/n-alkane doublets represented the main compound classes identified in all pyrolysates. The pyrolysate from alginite featured 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene and toluene as the two most prominent alkylbenzenes. In contrast, alkylbenzenes in pyrolysates from amorphinite and low maturity bulk kerogens with Ro 0.29–0.63% were dominated by 1,2,3,4-tetramethylbenzene. With increasing thermal maturity, pyrolysates were increasingly dominated by (i) alkylbenzenes with fewer methyl groups, namely by tri- and dimethylbenzenes at medium maturity (Ro 0.69–1.19%), and (ii) by toluene at higher maturity (Ro 1.30–2.41%). With increasing maturity of kerogen type II, the decreasing abundance of highly methyl-substituted alkylbenzenes and the parallel increase in less methyl-substituted alkylbenzenes in flash pyrolysates suggest that demethylation is an important chemical process in the thermal maturation of kerogen type II.
|Translated title of the contribution||Increasing maturity of kerogen type II reflected by alkylbenzene distribution from pyrolysis-gas chromatography–mass spectrometry|
|Pages (from-to)||440 - 449|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|