Increasing the talk-time of mobile radios with efficient linear transmitter architectures

SI Mann, MA Beach, PA Warr, JP McGeehan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)
293 Downloads (Pure)


In order to meet the linearity specification of standards such as GSM EDGE and TETRA the power amplifier (PA) linearisation methods in common usage today result in low DC to RF efficiency (e.g. Cartesian loop and adaptive predistortion). The transmitter places a heavy demand on the battery and therefore utilising more efficient transmitters can increase talk-time or reduce the battery size. For GSM EDGE and TETRA modulation it is shown that to obtain a transmitter efficiency (of >50%) the PA needs to be biased as class-C. The effect power amplifier efficiency has on talk-time is demonstrated for a handportable with fixed power overhead owing to the digital processing required to compile and transmit a burst or packet. It is shown that the PA efficiency for a transmitter operating backed-off (under power control), has a marginal impact on the talk-time and that the effect is largest at high output powers. This is put in context by a review of the various linearisation schemes such as Cartesian loop, polar loop, 2nd harmonic injection, envelope elimination & restoration (EER), predistortion methods, and synthesis techniques (e.g. LINC & CALLUM). The review also discusses which methods are not suitable for handportable design, and documents the strengths and weaknesses of the remaining methods. The paper shows that to increase the power efficiency (and thus talk-time), hybrid solutions to power amplifier linearisation are required. Finally, existing hybrid solutions and their shortfalls are discussed
Translated title of the contributionIncreasing the Talk-time of Mobile Radios with efficient Linear Transmitter Architectures
Original languageEnglish
Article number2
Pages (from-to)627 - 634
JournalElectronics and Communication Engineering Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2000
EventIST Mobile Communications Summit - Galway, Ireland
Duration: 1 Oct 2000 → …

Bibliographical note

Rose publication type: Journal article

Rose publication type: Conference contribution


  • cellular radio
  • linear network synthesis
  • linearisation techniques
  • power amplifiers
  • linearisation
  • power amplifier

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