Individual Differences in Frequency of Inner Speech: Differential Relations with Cognitive and Non-cognitive Factors

Xuexhu Ren, Tengfei Wang, Christopher Jarrold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
506 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Inner speech plays a crucial role in behavioral regulation and the use of inner speech is very common among adults. However, less is known about individual differences in the frequency of inner speech use and about the underlying processes that may explain why people exhibit individual differences in the frequency of inner speech use. This study was conducted to investigate how individual differences in the frequency of inner speech use are related to cognitive and non-cognitive factors. Four functions of inner speech including self-criticism, self-reinforcement, self-management, and social assessment measured by an adapted version of Brinthaupt’s Self-Talk Scale were examined. The cognitive factors that were considered included executive functioning and complex reasoning and the non-cognitive factors consisted of trait anxiety and impulsivity. Data were collected from a large Chinese sample. Results revealed that anxiety and impulsivity were mainly related to the frequency of the affective function of inner speech (self-criticism and self-reinforcement) and executive functions and complex reasoning were mainly related to the frequency of the cognitive, self-regulatory function of inner speech (self-management).
Original languageEnglish
Article number1675
Number of pages12
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2016

Structured keywords

  • Memory

Keywords

  • inner speech use
  • self-talk
  • individual differences
  • executive functioning
  • complex reasoning
  • impulsivity
  • trait anxiety

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