Inference on stochastic time-varying coefficient models

Liudas Giraitis, George Kapetanios, A Yates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, there has been considerable work on stochastic time-varying coefficient models as vehicles for modelling structural change in the macroeconomy with a focus on the estimation of the unobserved paths of random coefficient processes. The dominant estimation methods, in this context, are based on various filters, such as the Kalman filter, that are applicable when the models are cast in state space representations. This paper introduces a new class of autoregressive bounded processes that decompose a time series into a persistent random attractor, a time varying autoregressive component, and martingale difference errors. The paper examines, rigorously, alternative kernel based, nonparametric estimation approaches for such models and derives their basic properties. These estimators have long been studied in the context of deterministic structural change, but their use in the presence of stochastic time variation is novel. The proposed inference methods have desirable properties such as consistency and asymptotic normality and allow a tractable studentization. In extensive Monte Carlo and empirical studies, we find that the methods exhibit very good small sample properties and can shed light on important empirical issues such as the evolution of inflation persistence and the purchasing power parity (PPP) hypothesis.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Econometrics
Early online date28 Oct 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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