Large earthquakes are rare natural hazards, having catastrophic impact on society due to loss of lives, damage to constructed facilities, and business interruption. Because of damage accumulation due to the main strong shaking, aftershocks potentially endanger the safety of residents and subsequently increase financial loss due to downtime and repair costs. Therefore, accurate prediction of the seismic performance of structures in the post-earthquake stage is critical for disaster risk mitigation. This paper employs an advanced structural modeling technique, which can simulate various features of cyclic degradation in material and structural components using nonlinear fiber beam-column elements. The model accounts for inelastic buckling and low-cycle fatigue degradation of longitudinal reinforcement and can simulate multiple failure modes of reinforced concrete structures under dynamic loading. Furthermore, a comprehensive ground motion selection accounting for multiple types of ground motions, such as shallow crustal, deep inslab, and subduction earthquakes, is implemented. Finally, a new set of fragility curves has been developed for each ground motion type, which accounts for the aftershock effects and influence of ground motion types on cyclic degradation and failure modes of low-rise reinforced concrete structures. It was found that slight and moderate damage is not significantly affected by major aftershocks for different ground motions types. However, considering aftershocks increases the probability of exceedance of damage for extensive and complete damage up to 5% and 10% for inslab and crustal event, respectively. The proposed methodology significantly improves the accuracy of seismic risk and vulnerability assessment by reducing the uncertainties associated with structural modeling and variability of earthquake ground motions.
- Ground motion type
- Inelastic buckling
- Low-cycle fatigue
- RC structures
- Real mainshock-aftershock sequence