Influence of boundary layer flow suction on trailing edge noise generation

Máté Szőke*, Daniele Fiscaletti, Mahdi Azarpeyvand

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
39 Downloads (Pure)


The effect of uniform inclined flow suction on an equilibrium turbulent boundary layer developing over a flat plate is experimentally investigated for aeroacoustic purposes. Simultaneous measurements of streamwise velocity with hot-wire anemometry, and surface pressure fluctuations using flush-mounted microphones were performed at various locations downstream of the flow control treatment. The paper discusses the effects of flow suction on the turbulent quantities describing the boundary layer, and the associated hydrodynamic pressure field to assess the effects of flow suction on trailing edge noise generation. Two parameters were varied, the inclination of the flow suction velocity (α) and the flow suction severity (σ). The former is the angle of flow suction with respect to the free-stream flow (α = 30◦, 50◦, 70◦ and 90◦), while the latter is the ratio of momentum deficit within the boundary layer to the momentum of flow suction (σ = 2.5−9.1). Flow suction reduces the height of the boundary layer, which results in an increase of mean shear. The flow energy content within the boundary layer is reduced by suction with the most significant amount of reduction is observed within the logarithmic region. A moderate energy increase is observed in the buffer layer. These effects strengthen with growing suction severity until σ ≈ 6. Above this point, no further changes are observed in the turbulent quantities. The reduction in the size and energy content of the logarithmic layer is responsible for the reduction of the surface pressure fluctuations at mid-frequencies, while the increased energy content in the buffer layer increases the pressure spectral content at high frequencies. The estimates of the far-field trailing edge noise show that flow suction leads to a noise reduction at mid-frequencies with penalties observed at low and high frequencies. Flow suction at an angle of α = 70◦ and σ ≈ 6 exhibits the best performance in reducing the estimated far-field overall noise levels. Above this point, further increasing the flow suction severity does not provide any additional noise reduction benefits
Original languageEnglish
Article number115276
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Early online date2 Mar 2020
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jun 2020


  • Trailing edge noise
  • flow control
  • aeroacoustics
  • noise reduction


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