Influence of structure-foundation-soil interaction on ground motions recorded within buildings

Dimitris Sotiriadis, Nikolaos Klimis, Basil Margaris, Anastasios Sextos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
110 Downloads (Pure)


The present work investigates the effect of soil – structure interaction (SSI) on foundation motion recorded at accelerometric stations installed at the lowest level of buildings. For this purpose, two sites of instrumented buildings, for which foundation and free-field strong motion recordings are available, are studied in terms of transfer functions as well as strong motion intensity and frequency content. The importance of such an instrumentation scheme is highlighted, especially when it comes to assessing the filtering action of the foundation on moderate to high frequency components of free-field motions. The effect of ground motion filtering at the soil-foundation interface is further quantified in terms of amplitude and frequency content. The recordings are supplemented by a parametric analysis of the sub-structured soil-structure system leading to regression expressions that associate the intensity and frequency parameters of the recordings obtained at the base of the instrumented buildings and the corresponding free-field ones. It is shown that kinematic and inertial decoupling of SSI is not only a useful but also a necessary task for correcting earthquake records obtained at building basements particularly for high frequency-dominated ground motions.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages29
JournalBulletin of Earthquake Engineering
Early online date8 Aug 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Aug 2019


  • soil-structure interaction
  • strong motion recordings
  • embedded fountains
  • numerical sub-structuring


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