Insights into the three-dimensional Lagrangian geometry of the Antarctic polar vortex

Jezabel Curbelo, Víctor José García-Garrido, Carlos Roberto Mechoso, Ana Maria Mancho*, Stephen Wiggins, Coumba Niang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

9 Citations (Scopus)
242 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In this paper we study the three-dimensional (3-D) Lagrangian structures in the stratospheric polar vortex (SPV) above Antarctica. We analyse and visualize these structures using Lagrangian descriptor function M. The procedure for calculation with reanalysis data is explained. Benchmarks are computed and analysed that allow us to compare 2-D and 3-D aspects of Lagrangian transport. Dynamical systems concepts appropriate to 3-D, such as normally hyperbolic invariant curves, are discussed and applied. In order to illustrate our approach we select an interval of time in which the SPV is relatively undisturbed (August 1979) and an interval of rapid SPV changes (October 1979). Our results provide new insights into the Lagrangian structure of the vertical extension of the stratospheric polar vortex and its evolution. Our results also show complex Lagrangian patterns indicative of strong mixing processes in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. Finally, during the transition to summer in the late spring, we illustrate the vertical structure of two counterrotating vortices, one the polar and the other an emerging one, and the invariant separatrix that divides them.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-392
Number of pages14
JournalNonlinear Processes in Geophysics
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2017

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    Curbelo, J., García-Garrido, V. J., Roberto Mechoso, C., Maria Mancho, A., Wiggins, S., & Niang, C. (2017). Insights into the three-dimensional Lagrangian geometry of the Antarctic polar vortex. Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 24(3), 379-392. https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-24-379-2017