Although abundant mRNA for IGF-II has been detected in the human ovary, a role for IGF-II in steroidogenesis has not yet been established. In rat adipocytes, incubation with insulin greatly increases cell-surface IGF-II receptor (5-fold) and the receptor is rapidly internalised in the absence of insulin. We have therefore investigated the effects of insulin preincubation on the response of granulosa cells from unstimulated ovaries to a range of doses of IGF-II. In the absence of insulin, IGF-II stimulated steroidogenesis in only one of three experiments. After incubation with 10 ng/ml insulin, there was a dose-dependent response to IGF-II in all experiments. Cells incubated with insulin produced 5-10 fold more estradiol in response to IGF-II than those incubated without. In contrast, insulin produced only a small increase of estradiol in response to IGF-I. These results demonstrate a synergistic interaction of insulin with IGF-II in human granulosa cells and suggest that there is an important role for IGF-II in human ovarian steroidogenesis.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|