Integrating carbon dioxide removal into EU climate policy: Prospects for a paradigm shift

Oliver Geden*, Vivian Scott, James Palmer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Scenarios meeting the Paris Agreement's temperature targets envisage a major and imminent deployment of technologies to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, of which there has been almost no practical implementation to date. Here we explore the political dimensions and policy implications of expectations for “negative emissions” in the European Union (EU), considering its largely successful leadership role in mitigation action and corresponding low-carbon technology development and deployment. Carbon dioxide removal and especially Bio-Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage present significant challenges to the EU's dominant climate policy paradigm and low-carbon policy experience. Considering this challenge, we assess expectations for widespread implementation of carbon dioxide removal in the EU to be unrealistic, and explore possible pathways for its more limited introduction. This article is categorized under: Policy and Governance > Multilevel and Transnational Climate Change Governance The Carbon Economy and Climate Mitigation > Policies, Instruments, Lifestyles, Behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere521
JournalWiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change
Issue number4
Early online date3 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018


  • carbon dioxide removal
  • climate policy
  • European Union
  • negative emissions, paradigm


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