Many studies have shown a role of retinoid signalling in neurite outgrowth in vitro, and that the retinoic acid receptor (RAR) β2 is critical for this process. We show here that RARβ2 is expressed predominantly in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neuronal subtypes that express neurofilament (NF) 200 and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and that these neurons extend neurites in response to RA. We demonstrate that retinoid signalling has a role in neurite outgrowth in vivo, by showing that in a peripheral nerve crush model there is less neurite outgrowth from RARβ null DRG compared to wild-type. We identify sonic hedgehog (Shh) as a downstream target of the RARβ2 signalling pathway as it is expressed in the injured DRG of wild-type but not RARβ null mice. This regulation is direct as when RARβ2 is overexpressed in adult motoneurons Shh is induced in them. Finally we show that Shh alone cannot induce neurite outgrowth but potentiates RARβ2 signalling in this process.
|Translated title of the contribution||Interactions between retinoic acid, nerve growth factor and sonic hedgehog signalling pathways in neurite outgrowth|
|Pages (from-to)||167 - 175|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2006|