Interkingdom cooperation between Candida albicans, Streptococcus oralis and Actinomyces oris modulates early biofilm development on denture material

Indira M G Cavalcanti, Angela H Nobbs, Antônio Pedro Ricomini-Filho, Howard F Jenkinson, Altair A Del Bel Cury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
227 Downloads (Pure)


Candida-associated stomatitis affects up to 60% of denture wearers, and Candida albicans remains the most commonly isolated fungal species. The oral bacteria Actinomyces oris and Streptococcus oralis are abundant in early dental plaque. The aims of this study were to determine the effects of S. oralis and A. oris on the development of C. albicans biofilms on denture material. Resin discs were coated with saliva and at early (1.5 h) or later (24 h) stages of biofilm development, cell numbers of each species were determined. Spatial distribution of microorganisms was visualized by confocal scanning laser microscopy of biofilms labelled by differential fluorescence or by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Interkingdom interactions underpinning biofilm development were also evaluated planktonically utilizing fluorescence microscopy. Synergistic interactions between all three species occurred within biofilms and planktonically. Bacterial cells coaggregated with each other and adhered singly or in coaggregates to C. albicans hyphal filaments. Streptococcus oralis appeared to enhance hyphal filament production and C. albicans biovolume was increased 2-fold. Concomitantly, cell numbers of S. oralis and A. oris were enhanced by C. albicans. Thus, cooperative physical and metabolic processes occurring between these three microbial species intensify pathogenic plaque communities on denture surfaces.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberftw002
Number of pages8
JournalPathogens and Disease
Issue number3
Early online date10 Jan 2016
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016


  • human oral cavity
  • microbial communities
  • stomatitis
  • FISH
  • coaggregation


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