Interleukin-27 inhibits ectopic lymphoid-like structure development in early inflammatory arthritis

Gareth Wyn Jones, M. Bombardieri, C. J. Greenhill, L. McLeod, A. Nerviani, V. Rocher-Ros, A. Cardus, Anwen Sian Williams, C. Pitzalis, Brendan J. Jenkins, Simon Arnett Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Ectopic lymphoid-like structures (ELSs) reminiscent of secondary lymphoid organs often develop at sites of chronic inflammation where they contribute to immune-mediated pathology. Through evaluation of synovial tissues from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, we now show that low interleukin-27 (IL-27) expression corresponds with an increased incidence of ELS and gene signatures associated with their development and activity. The presence of synovial ELS was also noted in mice deficient in the IL-27 receptor (IL-27R) after the onset of inflammatory arthritis. Here, pathology was associated with increased synovial expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, homeostatic chemokines, and transcriptional regulators linked with lymphoid neogenesis. In both clinical and experimental RA, synovial ELS coincided with the heightened local expression of cytokines and transcription factors of the Th17 and T follicular helper (Tfh) cell lineages, and included podoplanin-expressing T cells within lymphoid aggregates. IL-27 inhibited the differentiation of podoplanin-expressing Th17 cells, and an increased number of these cells were observed in IL-27R?deficient mice with inflammatory arthritis. Thus, IL-27 appears to negatively regulate ELS development in RA through control of effector
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1793-1802
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Issue number11
Early online date28 Sept 2015
Publication statusPublished - 12 Oct 2015


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