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Interleukin-13 and interleukin-33 mRNA are underexpressed in the duodenal mucosa of German Shepherd dogs with chronic enteropathy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

  • Aarti Kathrani
  • Victor Lezcano
  • Edward J Hall
  • Albert E Jergens
  • Yeon-Jung Seo
  • Jonathan P Mochel
  • Todd Atherly
  • Karin Allenspach
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1660-1668
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Issue number4
Early online date6 Jun 2019
DateAccepted/In press - 20 May 2019
DateE-pub ahead of print - 6 Jun 2019
DatePublished (current) - 1 Jul 2019


Background: A recent genome-wide association study in German Shepherd dogs (GSDs) with chronic enteropathy (CE) has identified polymorphisms in the Th2 cytokine genes. Hypothesis/objective: To determine if the expression of the Th2 cytokines, interleukin-13 (IL-13) and interleukin-33 (IL-33), is altered in the duodenal mucosa of GSDs with CE compared to non-GSDs with CE and healthy dogs. Animals: Twenty client-owned dogs diagnosed with CE (10 GSDs and 10 non-GSDs) at the Bristol Veterinary School and 8 healthy Beagle dogs from the Iowa State University Service Colony. Methods: Retrospective study using archived paraffin-embedded duodenal biopsy samples. A novel RNA in situ hybridization technology (RNAscope) was used to hybridize IL-13 and IL-33 mRNA probes onto at least 10 sections from duodenal biopsy samples for each dog. RNAscope signals were visualized using a microscope and semi-quantitative assessment was performed by a single operator. Results: Based on duodenal villus, subvillus, epithelial, and lamina propria average expression scores, GSDs with CE had significantly lower IL-13 and IL-33 mRNA expression compared to non-GSDs with CE (IL-13, P <.04; IL-33, P <.02) and healthy Beagle dogs (IL-13, P <.02; IL-33, P <.004). Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Similar to human patients with ulcerative colitis, a subtype of human inflammatory bowel disease, these data indicate that Th2 cytokines may be involved in the pathogenesis of CE in GSDs.

    Research areas

  • bowel, canine, cytokine, duodenum, inflammatory, Th2

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