Internet based vestibular rehabilitation with and without physiotherapy support for adults aged 50 and older with a chronic vestibular syndrome in general practice: three armed randomised controlled trial

Vincent A van Vugt, Johannes C van der Wouden, Rosie Essery, Lucy Yardley, Jos W R Twisk, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Otto R Maarsingh

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effectiveness and safety of stand alone and blended internet based vestibular rehabilitation (VR) in the management of chronic vestibular syndromes in general practice.

DESIGN: Pragmatic, three armed, parallel group, individually randomised controlled trial.

SETTING: 59 general practices in the Netherlands.

PARTICIPANTS: 322 adults aged 50 and older with a chronic vestibular syndrome.

INTERVENTIONS: Stand alone VR comprising a six week, internet based intervention with weekly online sessions and daily exercises (10-20 minutes a day). In the blended VR group, the same internet based intervention was supplemented by face-to-face physiotherapy support (home visits in weeks 1 and 3). Participants in the usual care group received standard care from a general practitioner, without any restrictions.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was vestibular symptoms after six months as measured by the vertigo symptom scale-short form (VSS-SF range 0-60, clinically relevant difference ≥3 points). Secondary outcomes were dizziness related impairment, anxiety, depressive symptoms, subjective improvement of vestibular symptoms after three and six months, and adverse events.

RESULTS: In the intention-to-treat analysis, participants in the stand alone and blended VR groups had lower VSS-SF scores at six months than participants in the usual care group (adjusted mean difference -4.1 points, 95% confidence interval -5.8 to -2.5; and -3.5 points, -5.1 to -1.9, respectively). Similar differences in VSS-SF scores were seen at three months follow-up. Participants in the stand alone and blended VR groups also experienced less dizziness related impairment, less anxiety, and more subjective improvement of vestibular symptoms at three and six months. No serious adverse events related to online VR occurred during the trial.

CONCLUSION: Stand alone and blended internet based VR are clinically effective and safe interventions to treat adults aged 50 and older with a chronic vestibular syndrome. Online VR is an easily accessible form of treatment, with the potential to improve care for an undertreated group of patients in general practice.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Netherlands Trial Register NTR5712.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberl5922
Number of pages11
JournalBMJ
Volume367
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2019

Structured keywords

  • Digital Health
  • Physical and Mental Health

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Chronic Disease/psychology
  • Female
  • General Practice/methods
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Quality of Life
  • Syndrome
  • Telemedicine/methods
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis

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