Interpersonal violence and abuse in young people's relationships in five European countries: online and offline normalisation of heteronormativity

Nadia Aghtaie, Cath Larkins, Christine Barter, Nicky Stanley, Marsha J E Wood, Carolina Överlien

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Qualitative interviews with 91 young people aged 13-18 in Bulgaria, Cyprus, England, Italy and Norway explored their experiences of intimate partner violence and abuse (IPVA). Some young women were substantially more negatively affected by IPVA than young men. The data revealed that online space has created new mechanisms of control and surveillance that can intensify the impact of offline abuse. Analysing the data in the light of existing theories of cultural violence and coercive control, we explore both the normalizing influence of prevailing heteronormative models of femininity and masculinity as well as young people's agency to resist such normalisation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-310
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Gender-Based Violence
Issue number2
Early online date1 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018



  • Young People
  • intimate partner violence
  • Heteronormativity
  • Cultural violence
  • online violence

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