Introducing mutations to modify the C13/C9 ratio in linoleic acid oxygenations catalyzed by rabbit 15-lipoxygenase: A QM/MM and MD study

Reynier Suardíaz, Laura Masgrau, José M. Lluch, Àngels González-Lafont*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lipoxygenases (LOs) are a family of nonheme iron-containing enzymes that catalyze the hydroperoxidation of several polyunsaturated fatty acids with a huge regio- and stereospecificity. Mammalian 15-LO-1 yields almost exclusively oxygenation at the C13 position of the linoleic acid (LA), its preferred substrate. This is very important because metabolites derived from oxidation in distinct positions produce opposite physiological effects. We have combined here quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics calculations with molecular dynamics simulations to show how a suitable mutation of the rabbit 15-LO-1 enzyme can produce a significant amount of products derived from oxygenation at the C9 position of LA. In effect, the Leu597Val or Leu597Ala mutants are predicted to lead to a diminution of the oxygenation C13/C9 ratio in LA as huge as five orders of magnitude. This shows that the conserved residue Leu597 actually drives the regiospecific hydroperoxidation of LA catalyzed by 15-LO-1 enzyme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4049-4054
Number of pages6
JournalChemPhysChem
Volume15
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2014

Keywords

  • 15-lipoxygenases
  • Computational chemistry
  • Linoleic acid
  • Mutants
  • QM/MM calculations

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