Investigation of Atherosclerotic Plaque Vulnerability

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

2 Citations (Scopus)


Histochemical and immunohistochemical approaches permit the detection and evaluation of proteins and cell types within murine brachiocephalic artery atherosclerotic plaques, that can be subsequently analyzed to provide inferences on atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability. Here we describe the specific histochemical techniques deployed to examine the expression of elastin, fibrillar collagens, and neutral lipids, alongside immunohistochemistry protocols for the identification of macrophages (CD68) and vascular smooth muscle cells (α-smooth muscle actin). We will also describe how analyses derived from these methods can be combined to determine evidence of previous plaque rupture and susceptibility to rupture.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMethods in Molecular Biology
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
ISSN (Print)1064-3745
ISSN (Electronic)1940-6029

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Jason Johnson is funded by British Heart Foundation Senior Research Fellowship, FS/18/1/33234.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Structured keywords

  • Bristol Heart Institute


  • Animals
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Macrophages/metabolism
  • Mice
  • Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/metabolism
  • Plaque, Atherosclerotic/metabolism


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