Investigation of hERG1b influence on hERG channel pharmacology at physiological temperature

Jules Hancox, Aziza El Harchi, Dario Melgari, Henggui Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

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Abstract

Objective: To compare the inhibitory potencies of selected drugs (chloroquine, fluoxetine, cisapride, and ebastine [EBA]) on human Ether-a-go-go-Related Gene (hERG) potassium channel current carried by either hERG1a or co-expressed hERG 1a/1b channel isoforms.

Materials and Methods: Measurements of hERG current (IhERG) were made at 37°C from HEK-293 cells expressing either the hERG1aisoform or co-expressing hERG1a and 1b isoforms. A standard “square” waveform voltage protocol was
used to elicit IhERG, and tail current measurements were used to construct concentration-response relations for each drug.

Results: For fluoxetine, cisapride, and chloroquine, the observed potencies of inhibition of IhERG were similar between hERG1 and 1a/1b expression conditions. Further experiments in which the hERG1b isoform was expressed alone also failed to show different potencies from hERG1a for these drugs. Fluoxetine was also tested at room temperature and showed similar potencies against hERG 1a and 1a/1b. EBA was more potent against hERG1a than hERG1a/1b with respective half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of 32 nM ( 95% confidence interval [CI] 24 nM–43 nM) and 185 nM (CI 114 nM–304 nM), a 5.8-fold difference. At ambient temperature, EBA was also more potent against hERG1a than 1a/1b, with a 2.4-fold difference in IC50.

Conclusion: Comparison of these findings with prior planar patch-clamp data suggests that automated patch-clamp data on hERG1a/1b versus hERG 1a at ambient temperature cannot automatically be extrapolated to manual patch clamp at 37°C. The results with EBA highlight that, during hERG screeni g of novel drugs, there is a case for promising candidates to incorporate some measurements on hERG1a/1b as well as hERG1a channels.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-103
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics
Volume9
Issue number2
Early online date4 Sep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • hERG
  • hERG 1b
  • fluoxetine
  • ebastine
  • chloroquine
  • cisapride
  • long QT
  • CiPA

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