Investigation of structure property relationships in liquid processible, solvent free, thermally stable bismaleimide-triazine (BT) resins

Alasdair O Crawford, Gabriel Cavalli, Brendan J. Howlin, Ian Hamerton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
262 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Three cyanate ester monomer or oligomer species: 2,2-bis(4-cyanatophenyl)propane 1, 1-1-bis(4-cyanatophenyl)ethane (2), and the oligomeric phenolic cyanate (Primaset™ PT30) (3), are blended in various ratios with bis(4-maleimidophenyl)methane, (4), to form binary and ternary mixtures (11 in total) and cured, in the absence of catalysts (3 K min− 1 to 150 °C + 1 h; 3 K min− 1 to 200 °C + 3 h), followed by a post cure (3 K min− 1 to 260 °C + 1 h). The use of liquid monomer, (2), offers the possibility of liquid processing in blends containing minority compositions of bismaleimide. Glycidylmethacrylate is explored as a reactive diluent (2.5–10 wt%) to linked interpenetrating network polymer structures comprising cyanate ester and bismaleimide components with glass transition temperatures of 267–275 °C, depending on composition; the onset of thermo-oxidative degradation ranges from 386 to 397 °C. When a binary blend of (2) and (3) (with the former in the minority) is co-cured with (4), an excellent balance of properties is achieved with liquid processing, a Tg > 400 °C and onset of degradation of 425 °C in static air. Kinetic analysis of DSC data using Ozawa and Kissinger methods yield activation energies of between 107 and 112 kJ/mol for a binary blend of (1)90-(4)10, which is in good agreement with literature. Molecular dynamics simulation of the same blend in cured form gave a simulated glass transition temperature of 250 °C that is in very close agreement with empirical DMTA data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-118
Number of pages9
JournalReactive and Functional Polymers
Volume102
Early online date6 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2016

Keywords

  • Cyanate Esters
  • Bismaleimide-triazine resins
  • Polymerisation kinetics
  • Thermal analysis
  • Thermo-oxidative stability
  • Molecular modelling

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