Investigations on zwitterionic alkylsulfobetaines and nonionic triton X-100 in mixed aqueous solutions: Effect on size, phase separation and mixed micellar characteristics

Khushbu Thakkar*, Bhavesh Bharatiya, Dinesh O. Shah, Pratap Bahadur

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Zwitterionic sulfobetaine surfactants are widely applied in industries dealing with personal care products, mainly due to an advantage of minimal irritating effects to skin as compared to ionic surfactants. We investigate on the aqueous solution behaviour of zwitterionic surfactant, namely alkyl N,N-dimethyl-3-ammonio-1-propanesulfonate (CnPS, n = 10, 12, 14, 16) in pure and mixed state with Triton X-100 (non-ionic surfactant) by using surface tensiometry, dynamic light scattering (DLS) and cloud point measurements. The critical micelle concentration (CMC) for aqueous CnPS solutions decreases with corresponding increase in alkyl chain length and is also accompanied by an increase in aggregation number. The calculated interfacial parameters for binary mixed aqueous systems involving zwitterionic surfactant and TX-100 depict almost independent behaviour of πCMC and Γmax, indicating a non-associative ideal mixing. The calculated interaction parameter (βm) for TX-100 + CnPS mixed system reveals insignificant deviation from ideal behaviour as confirmed by calculated values in proximity to zero. As concluded from size measurements using DLS, the apparent hydrodynamic size of the mixed micelles decreases with gradual addition of alkylsulfobetaines due to demicellization of formerly present ellipsoidal aggregates of TX-100. The clouding temperature of formed mixed micelles increases on gradual addition of CnPS due to corresponding increase of ionic charge and accordingly improved solubility. It is assumed that electrically neutral nature of sulfobetaines confines its electrostatic interactions with non-ionic TX-100 and accordingly deters feasible interactions leading to synergism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-577
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular Liquids
Volume209
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • Hydrodynamic size
  • Ideal mixing
  • Interfacial parameter
  • Sulfobetaines

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