Rurality, deprivation and excess winter mortality: an ecological study

DA Lawlor, RC Maxwell, BW Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review


The reasons for the higher levels of excess winter mortality in Britain, compared with countries with colder winters, are unclear. Ecological studies suggest that both increased outdoor and indoor cold exposure relating to poor housing energy efficiency and lack of adequate clothing and physical activity when outdoors are important.1,2 It seems plausible that excess winter mortality would be greater in more deprived areas as deprived populations are more likely to live in poor quality energy inefficient housing and are less likely to be car owners. Two British studies have found no association between area deprivation and excess winter mortality, but both were based in single district health authorities and may not have had the power to detect an association.3,4 Furthermore, both studies were based in urban areas and were unable to assess the association between excess winter mortality and rurality.
Translated title of the contributionRurality, deprivation and excess winter mortality: an ecological study
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373 - 374
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Publication statusPublished - May 2002

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