BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has been shown to produce good results in the treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). The efficacy of a combined administration of ESWT and isokinetic exercise (IE) has not yet been studied.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of focused ESWT combined with IE for the rotator cuff versus focused ESWT alone in the treatment of SAIS. The secondary objective was to assess the isokinetic torque recovery (external rotation at 210°/s, 180°/s, and 120°/s).
METHODS: Thirty participants with SAIS were randomly assigned to a focused-ESWT group or focused ESWT-plus-IE group. Subjects of both groups received 3 treatment sessions of focused ESWT over a period of 10 days. Participants in the second group also received IE for 10 therapy sessions. Outcome measures were the Constant-Murley score (CMS), the visual analog scale (VAS), and isokinetic parameters (peak torque and total work calculated from 5 repetitions) measured with the isokinetic test. Subjects were assessed at baseline, 10 days after the last treatment session with focused ESWT, and after 2 months of follow-up.
RESULTS: At 2 months posttreatment, participants in the focused ESWT-plus-IE group showed significantly less pain (focused-ESWT VAS, 3.4 ± 0.8 versus focused ESWT-plus-IE VAS, 1.5 ± 0.5; P
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy|
|Early online date||31 Jul 2016|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2016|
- Constant-Murley score
- Isokinetic parameters
- Muscle torque
- Physical Therapy
- Rotator cuff tendinopathy
- Shoulder pain
- Visual analog scale