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Karst water resources in a changing world: Review of hydrological modeling approaches

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Karst water resources in a changing world : Review of hydrological modeling approaches. / Hartmann, A.; Goldscheider, N.; Wagener, T.; Lange, J.; Weiler, M.

In: Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 52, No. 3, 01.01.2014, p. 218-242.

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Hartmann, A, Goldscheider, N, Wagener, T, Lange, J & Weiler, M 2014, 'Karst water resources in a changing world: Review of hydrological modeling approaches', Reviews of Geophysics, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 218-242. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013RG000443

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Hartmann, A. ; Goldscheider, N. ; Wagener, T. ; Lange, J. ; Weiler, M. / Karst water resources in a changing world : Review of hydrological modeling approaches. In: Reviews of Geophysics. 2014 ; Vol. 52, No. 3. pp. 218-242.

Bibtex

@article{3ebfbc014bd74a0bb46e30e3d18c2cb1,
title = "Karst water resources in a changing world: Review of hydrological modeling approaches",
abstract = "Karst regions represent 7-12{\%} of the Earth's continental area, and about one quarter of the global population is completely or partially dependent on drinking water from karst aquifers. Climate simulations project a strong increase in temperature and a decrease of precipitation in many karst regions in the world over the next decades. Despite this potentially bleak future, few studies specifically quantify the impact of climate change on karst water resources. This review provides an introduction to karst, its evolution, and its particular hydrological processes. We explore different conceptual models of karst systems and how they can be translated into numerical models of varying complexity and therefore varying data requirements and depths of process representation. We discuss limitations of current karst models and show that at the present state, we face a challenge in terms of data availability and information content of the available data. We conclude by providing new research directions to develop and evaluate better prediction models to address the most challenging problems of karst water resources management, including opportunities for data collection and for karst model applications at so far unprecedented scales.",
keywords = "climate change, karst, land use change, modeling, water resources",
author = "A. Hartmann and N. Goldscheider and T. Wagener and J. Lange and M. Weiler",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/2013RG000443",
language = "English",
volume = "52",
pages = "218--242",
journal = "Reviews of Geophysics",
issn = "8755-1209",
publisher = "American Geophysical Union",
number = "3",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - Karst water resources in a changing world

T2 - Review of hydrological modeling approaches

AU - Hartmann, A.

AU - Goldscheider, N.

AU - Wagener, T.

AU - Lange, J.

AU - Weiler, M.

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Karst regions represent 7-12% of the Earth's continental area, and about one quarter of the global population is completely or partially dependent on drinking water from karst aquifers. Climate simulations project a strong increase in temperature and a decrease of precipitation in many karst regions in the world over the next decades. Despite this potentially bleak future, few studies specifically quantify the impact of climate change on karst water resources. This review provides an introduction to karst, its evolution, and its particular hydrological processes. We explore different conceptual models of karst systems and how they can be translated into numerical models of varying complexity and therefore varying data requirements and depths of process representation. We discuss limitations of current karst models and show that at the present state, we face a challenge in terms of data availability and information content of the available data. We conclude by providing new research directions to develop and evaluate better prediction models to address the most challenging problems of karst water resources management, including opportunities for data collection and for karst model applications at so far unprecedented scales.

AB - Karst regions represent 7-12% of the Earth's continental area, and about one quarter of the global population is completely or partially dependent on drinking water from karst aquifers. Climate simulations project a strong increase in temperature and a decrease of precipitation in many karst regions in the world over the next decades. Despite this potentially bleak future, few studies specifically quantify the impact of climate change on karst water resources. This review provides an introduction to karst, its evolution, and its particular hydrological processes. We explore different conceptual models of karst systems and how they can be translated into numerical models of varying complexity and therefore varying data requirements and depths of process representation. We discuss limitations of current karst models and show that at the present state, we face a challenge in terms of data availability and information content of the available data. We conclude by providing new research directions to develop and evaluate better prediction models to address the most challenging problems of karst water resources management, including opportunities for data collection and for karst model applications at so far unprecedented scales.

KW - climate change

KW - karst

KW - land use change

KW - modeling

KW - water resources

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84905292794&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/2013RG000443

DO - 10.1002/2013RG000443

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84905292794

VL - 52

SP - 218

EP - 242

JO - Reviews of Geophysics

JF - Reviews of Geophysics

SN - 8755-1209

IS - 3

ER -