Rapid advances in sensing technologies are leading to the development of integrated wearable electronics for biomedical applications. Piezoelectric materials have great potential for implantable devices because of their self-powered sensing capacities. The soft and highly deformable surfaces of most tissues in the human body, however, restrict the wide use of piezoelectric materials, which feature low stretchability. Flexible piezoelectric polyvinylidene fluoride films that could conformably integrate with human bodies would have advantages in health monitoring. Here, a Kirigami technique with linear cut patterns has been employed to design a stretchable piezoelectric sensor with enhanced piezoelectricity. A parametric Finite Element Analysis study is first performed to investigate its mechanical behaviour, followed by experiments. An inter-segment electrode connection approach is proposed to further enhance the piezoelectric performance of the sensor. The voltage output shows superior performance with 2.6 times improvement compared to conventionally continuous electrodes. Dynamic tests with a range of frequencies and strains are performed to validate the sensor design. With its high performance in large strain measurements, the Kirigami-based sensing system shows promise in stretchable electronics for biomedical devices.
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