Large deviations of spread measures for Gaussian matrices

Fabio Deelan Cunden, Pierpaolo Vivo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

For a large n×m Gaussian matrix, we compute the joint statistics, including large deviation tails, of generalized and total variance - the scaled log-determinant H and trace T of the corresponding n×n covariance matrix. Using a Coulomb gas technique, we find that the Laplace transform of their joint distribution Pn(h, t) decays for large n,m (with c = m/n ≥ 1 fixed) as Ρn(s,w) ≈ exp (−βn2J(s,w)),
where β is the Dyson index of the ensemble and J(s,w) is a β-independent large deviation function, whichwe compute exactly for any c. The corresponding large deviation functions in real space areworked out and checked with extensive numerical simulations. The results are complemented with a finite n,m treatment based on the Laguerre-Selberg integral. The statistics of atypically small log-determinants is shown to be driven by the split-off of the smallest eigenvalue, leading to an abrupt change in the large deviation speed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number044306
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment
Volume2016
Issue number4
Early online date28 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

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