Turbulent suspensions of sediment are investigated to establish the characteristic length and time scales on which they adjust from one state to another. The suspensions are modeled by using a simple closure for the turbulent fluctuations in which the average flux of sediment is treated as a diffusion process. A key dimensionless settling parameter, which is closely related to the Rouse number, measures the magnitude of the settling to diffusive fluxes of particles. It is shown how the length and time scales on which the suspension responds are a function of the settling parameter and the assumed form of the eddy diffusivity, and that the predictions are broadly in accord with laboratory experiments. It is further established analytically that, in the regimes of the settling parameter much greater or much less than unity, the timescale of response is independent of the form of the eddy diffusivity. This motivates the use of simple eddy diffusivity laws to provide generic insight to the unsteady evolution of complex suspension and sedimentation problems.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Hydraulic Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 10 May 2012|
- Eddy diffusivity
- Flow boundary conditions
- Suspended sediment concentration
- Timescale of response