Lipopolysaccharide and toll-like receptor 4 in dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts

Mickey Tivers, Victoria J Lipscomb, Kenneth C Smith, Caroline P D Wheeler-Jones, Arthur K House

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
317 Downloads (Pure)


Surgical attenuation of a congenital portosystemic shunts (CPSS) results in increased portal vein perfusion, liver growth and clinical improvement. Portal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is implicated in liver regeneration via toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 mediated cytokine activation. The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with LPS in dogs with CPSS. Plasma LPS concentrations were measured in the peripheral and portal blood using a limulus amoebocyte lysate (LAL) assay. LPS concentration was significantly greater in the portal blood compared to peripheral blood in dogs with CPSS (P = 0.046) and control dogs (P = 0.002). LPS concentrations in the peripheral (P = 0.012) and portal (P = 0.005) blood of dogs with CPSS were significantly greater than those for control dogs. The relative mRNA expression of cytokines and TLRs was measured in liver biopsies from dogs with CPSS using quantitative PCR. TLR4 expression significantly increased following partial CPSS attenuation (P = 0.020). TLR4 expression was significantly greater in dogs that tolerated complete CPSS attenuation (P = 0.011) and those with good portal blood flow on pre-attenuation (P = 0.004) and post-attenuation (P = 0.015) portovenography. Serum IL-6 concentration was measured using a canine specific ELISA and significantly increased 24 h following CPSS attenuation (P < 0.001). Portal LPS was increased in dogs with CPSS, consistent with decreased hepatic clearance. TLR4 mRNA expression was significantly associated with portal blood flow and increased following surgery. These findings support the concept that portal LPS delivery is important in the hepatic response to surgical attenuation. Serum IL-6 significantly increases following surgery, consistent with LPS stimulation via TLR4, although this increase might be non-specific.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-413
Number of pages10
JournalVeterinary Journal
Issue number3
Early online date7 Jul 2015
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015


  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Toll like receptor 4
  • IL-6
  • Liver
  • Dog
  • congenital portosystemic shunts


Dive into the research topics of 'Lipopolysaccharide and toll-like receptor 4 in dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this