Living with Family: Perceptions of Health and Subjective Well-being of Adults with an Intellectual Disability

Jillian M Powell, Vasiliki Totsika, Richard P Hastings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Little is known about the role of living circumstances to the perception of subjective well‐being (SWB) and health of adults with intellectual disability (ID). The aim of the present study was to examine whether living circumstances impact differently on the perception of health and SWB and whether potential differences persist after accounting for other variables (e.g. level of support needs and reporting method).

Secondary data analysis was undertaken of a large national survey of adults with an ID in England, aged 16 years and over. Participants were identified as living with family (N = 1528) or living out of home (N = 874).

The results of t‐test and chi‐square revealed that levels of health and SWB were perceived as being higher for people living with family than those living in out‐of‐home settings. Multiple linear regression analyses fitted to explore factors associated with these reported differences revealed that, when controlling for other variables, living with family was highly associated with reports of better SWB. Multiple logistic regression revealed that whilst the health status of people living with families were perceived as better, this was only true when their support needs were low. Poorest health outcomes were found for people with highest support needs who lived with family.

On the whole, the health and well‐being of adults living with family were perceived more positively than those living out of home. However, potential health disparities exist for those with high support needs who live with family. Further longitudinal research is needed to explore causes and potential solution to these inequalities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)474-485
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Intellectual Disability Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2018

Structured keywords

  • SPS Centre for Research in Health and Social Care


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